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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

ERDA-NASA Electric Vehicle Program Vehicle Evaluation

NASA TM X-73638

Report NumberNASA TM X-73638
Title and SubtitleResults of Baseline Tests of the EVA Metro Sedan, Citi-car, Jet Industries Electra-Van, CDA Town Car, and OTIS P-500 van
Report DateOctober 1976
AuthorsFrancis J. Stenger, John M. Bozek, and Richard F. Soltis
Performing Organization Name and AddressNational Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lewis Research Center
Cleveland, Ohio 44135
Sponsoring Agency Name and AddressEnergy Research and Development Administration
Division of Transportation Energy Conservation
Washington, D.C. 20545
AbstractFive electric vehicles were tested at vehicle test tracks using the SAE Vehicle Test Procedure – SAE 227a. The tests provide range data at steady speeds and for several driving cycles. Most tests were conducted with lead-acid traction batteries. The Otis Van and the Copper Electric Town Car were also tested with lead-acid and NASA nickel-zinc batteries. These tests showed a range increase from 82 to 101 percent depending on vehicle, speed, and test cycle.

Photos of CitiCar within the report:

Figure 2. – Overall, view of the “Citi-car” with 5th wheel attached. Page 8
Figure 3. – Recording instrument placement in the “Citi-car”. page 9 [C-1976-3156]
Figure 4. – Rear view of the “Citi-car” showing 5th wheel component placement. page 10 [c-1976-3157]

Related photos to the program:


Electric Vehicles near the Hangar at the Lewis Research Center

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Lewis Research Center tested 16 commercially-manufactured electric vehicles, including these, during the mid-1970s. Lewis and the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) engaged in several energy-related programs in the mid-1970s, including the Electric Vehicle Project. NASA and ERDA undertook the program in 1976 to determine the state of the current electric vehicle technology. The tests were primarily conducted on a 7.5-mile track at the Transportation Research Center located approximately 160 miles southwest of Cleveland, Ohio. Some of the vehicles had analog data recording systems to measure the battery during operation and sensors to determine speed and distance. The tests analyzed the vehicle’s range, acceleration, coast-down, braking, and energy consumption. From left to right: RIPP-Electric, EVA Contactor, Otis P-500, C.H. Waterman DAF, Zagato Elcar, unknown, Sebring-Vanguard Citicar, and Hattronic Minivan

J. Bozek and R. Soltis with electric car

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